Structural racism and readmission for childhood asthma—a quest for causality

Key words

Epidemiology has a problem with causality. More than merely the science of the distribution of diseases in populations, epidemiology deals with protective and risk factors for the respective diseases, which is essentially the quest for causality.

Currently, the prevailing causal theory in epidemiology is the potential outcomes framework, a quantitative counterfactual theory.

Does water kill? A call for less casual causal inferences.